Featured Expedition Sites and MSI

National Library

Athens, Greece

The Center for the Study of New Testament Manuscripts (CSNTM) completed one of our largest digitization projects at the National Library of Greece (NLG). Beginning in 2015 and continuing into 2016, we spent months working at the National Library digitizing their entire collection of Greek New Testament manuscripts. This collection is one of the largest in the world and has a multitude of priceless treasures, which are now digitally preserved for generations to come.


Chester Beatty

Dublin, Ireland

The Chester Beatty papyri, published in the 1930s and 1950s, are some of the oldest and most important biblical manuscripts known to exist. Housed at the Chester Beatty (CB) in Dublin (formerly the Chester Beatty Library or CBL), they have attracted countless visitors every year. It is safe to say that the only Greek biblical manuscripts that might receive more visitors are Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Alexandrinus, both on display at the British Library.


University of Michigan

Ann Arbor, Michigan

In July of 2014, the Center for the Study of New Testament Manuscripts (CSNTM) traveled to the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor to digitize their New Testament Papyrus of Paul’s letters (P46). The CSNTM team consisted of Daniel B. Wallace, Robert D. Marcello, and Jacob W. Peterson. This was part of a combined project which will virtually reunite P46 since it is housed in two separate locations. The University was gracious to allow CSNTM to digitize their portion of the manuscript, and our staff was able to work with the University’s preservation department, which is known around the world for their work in papyrological preservation. A special thanks goes to Dr. Brendan Haug, the archivist of the Papyrology Collection and Assistant Professor in the Department of Classical Studies, for his willingness to participate in this project and for his hospitality.


Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana

Florence, Italy

In November of 2011, CSNTM traveled to the Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana (BML) in Florence Italy. This is a phenomenal library founded by the Medici family. Here, the old library, which was designed by none other than Michelangelo himself, can be seen in all of its glory. It now holds over 2500 papyri, 11,000 manuscripts, and 128,000 printed texts. Because of this trip, CSNTM is proud to announce the addition of new images of 28 manuscripts from the BML. 


Multispectral Imaging


Multi-Spectral Imaging (MSI) describes a method of image capture that utilizes different and specific wavelengths of light. From NASA satellites to the Dead Sea Scrolls, MSI technology allows researchers to obtain very specific details undetectable by the naked eye. CSNTM acquired MSI equipment in 2018 specifically to read damaged manuscripts and those with layers of text.  

Website users may view the results obtained at each wavelength captured by MSI technology in our manuscript libraries. CSNTM looks forward to obtaining and utilizing new post-production software for even greater and more effective use.